The following gives a very short description of the instruments used by the UV-Vis/DOAS group and the data products derived from their measurements:
GOMEThe (first) Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment (GOME) was launched aboard the second European Remote Sensing (ERS-2) satellite by the European Space Agency (ESA) on 21 April 1995. The satellite orbits the Earth at about 790 km in a sun-synchronus orbit, which means that it passes the equator always at the same local time (10:30 a.m., going north to south), and each orbit takes approximately 100 minutes. While orbitting, GOME scans the Earth with a full swath width of 960 km. The nominal size of the ground pixel, i.e. the area on the Earth's surface measured by the instrument, is 320 by 40 km.
SCIAMACHYThe Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Cartography (SCIAMACHY) instrument flies aboard the Environmental Satellite (ENVISAT), which was launched by ESA in March 2002 in an orbit at about 790 km. While orbitting SCIAMACHY scans the Earth with a full swath width of 960 km, with a nominal ground pixel size of about 60 by 40 km. The satellite orbits the Earth in a sun-synchronus orbits that passes the Equator going north to south at about 10:00 a.m. Along its orbit SCIAMACHY measures alternating in nadir and limb mode for 1 minute each.
GOME-2The GOME-2 instrument is in a way the successor of the GOME instrument aboard ERS-2, mentioned above. The GOME-2 instrument flies aboard the MetOp-A satellite, launched by EUMETSAT on 19 October 2006. MetOp-A is the first in a series of three operational satellites meant to monitor the Earths atmosphere. The satellite orbits the Earth at about 800 km in a sun-synchronus orbits that passes the Equator going north to south at about 09:30 a.m., and each orbit takes approximately 100 minutes. The full swath width of the scan GOME-2 makes is 1900 km, and the nominal size of the ground pixels is about 80 by 40 km.